Tsunami

Tsunamis are sea waves produced by any large-scale, short-duration disturbance of the ocean floor. These may be caused by shallow submarine earthquakes, but also by submarine slumps, subsidence, or volcanic eruptions. Tsunamis generated thousands of miles away can travel relatively quickly and be very destructive. Tsunami warning systems can provide ample warning for these far-field tsunamis if properly implemented. Locally generated tsunamis can reach the shore within seconds of initial wave propagation. In such cases, ground shaking is the only warning people will have.

Below is a list of publications related to Tsunami. Select a publication number to access more detailed information and their respective files available for download.

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Caldwell, R.J. and others, 2011
Caldwell, R.J., Eakins, B.W., and Lim, E., 2011, Digital elevation models of Prince William Sound, Alaska-Procedures, data sources and analysis: United States, National Geophysical Data Center, Marine Geology and Geophysics Division, NOAA Technical Memorandum, NESDIS NGDC-40, 43 p.
Johnson, J.M. and others, 1996
Johnson, J.M., Satake, Kenji, Holdahl, S.R., and Sauber, Jeanne, 1996, The 1964 Prince William Sound earthquake-Joint inversion of tsunami waveforms and geodetic data: Washington, DC, United States, American Geophysical Union, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 101, no. B1, p. 523-532.
NOAA/NWS, 2012
NOAA/NWS, 2012, National Tsunami Warning Center: United States, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Nicolsky, D.J and others, 2011
Nicolsky, D.J, Suleimani, E.N, and Hansen, R.A, 2011, Validation and verification of a numerical model for tsunami propagation and runup: Switzerland, Birkhauser Geoscience, Pure and Applied Geophysics, v. 168, p. 1,199 - 1,222.
Ryan, H.F and others, 2010
Ryan, H.F, Lee, H.J, Haeussler, P.J., Alexander, C.R, and Kayen, R.E, 2010, Historic and paleo-submarine landslide deposits imaged beneath Port Valdez, Alaska - Implications for tsunami generation in a glacial fiord, in Mosher, D.C. and others, eds., Submarine Mass Movements and their Consequences: Dordrecht - Boston - London, International, Springer Science+Business Media B.V., Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research, Vol. 28, p. 411-421.
Suito, Hisashi and Freymueller, J.T, 2010
Suito, Hisashi, and Freymueller, J.T, 2010, A viscoelastic and afterslip postseismic deformation model for the 1964 Alaska earthquake: Washington, DC, United States, American Geophysical Union, Journal of Geophysical Research , v. 114, no. B11, p. 404-426.
Wilson, B.W. and Torum, Alf, 1972
Wilson, B.W., and Torum, Alf, 1972, Effects of the tsunamis - An engineering study, in The Great Alaska Earthquake of 1964: Washington, DC, United States, National Academy of Sciences - Engineering, p. 361- 526.
GB 8 Report Map Geospatial Data
Reger, R.D., Sturmann, A.G., Berg, E.E., and Burns, P.A.C., 2007, A guide to the late Quaternary history of northern and western Kenai Peninsula, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Guidebook 8, 112 p., 6 sheets, scale 1:63,360. doi:10.14509/15941
IC 38 Map
Nye, C.J., 1995, Volcanoes of Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Information Circular 38, 2 sheets, scale 1:4,000,000. doi:10.14509/484
IC 38 ed. 1998 Map Geospatial Data
Nye, C.J., 1998, Volcanoes of Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Information Circular 38 ed. 1998, 2 sheets, scale 1:4,000,000. doi:10.14509/7043
IC 44 ed. 2004 Report
Daley, E.E., 2004, Guide to Alaska geologic and mineral information 2004: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Information Circular 44 ed. 2004, 92 p. doi:10.14509/3318
MP 1 Report
Alaska Division of Mines and Minerals, 1964, The Great Alaskan Earthquake, March 27, 1964: Alaska Division of Mines and Minerals Miscellaneous Publication 1, 3 p. doi:10.14509/664
MP 34 Report
Hansen, R.A., and Combellick, R.A., 1998, Planning scenario earthquakes for southeast Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Miscellaneous Publication 34, 5 p. doi:10.14509/743
MP 134 Report
Stevens, D.S.P., and Craw, P.A., 2004, Geologic hazards on and near the northern coast of the Alaska Peninsula: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Miscellaneous Publication 134, 20 p. doi:10.14509/3311
MP 144 Report Geospatial Data
Hickman, P.J., Suleimani, E.N., and Nicolsky, D.J., 2012, Digital elevation model of Sitka Harbor and the city of Sitka, Alaska: Procedures, data sources, and quality assessment: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Miscellaneous Publication 144, 38 p. doi:10.14509/23964
OF 72-230 Report
Lemke, R.W., and Yehle, L.A., 1972, Regional and other general factors bearing on evaluation of earthquake and other geologic hazards to coastal communities of southeastern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 72-230, 99 p.
OF 78-675 Report Map
Yehle, L.A., 1978, Reconnaissance engineering geology of the Petersburg area, southeastern Alaska, with emphasis on geologic hazards: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-675, 92 p., 2 sheets, scale 1:9,600.
OF 2003-411 Report Outside Link
Geist, E.L., Jakob, Matthias, Wieczorek, G.F., and Dartnell, Peter, 2003, Preliminary hydrodynamic analysis of landslide-generated waves in Tidal Inlet, Glacier Bay National Park, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2003-411, 20 p.
P 354-C Report Map
Miller, D.J., 1960, Giant waves in Lituya Bay, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 354-C, p. 51-86, 1 sheet, scale 1:50,000.
P 542-C Report Map
Coulter, H.W., and Migliaccio, R.R., 1966, Effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964 at Valdez, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 542-C, p. C1-C36, 3 sheets.
P 542-F Report
Kachadoorian, Reuben, and Plafker, George, 1967, Effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964 on the communities of Kodiak and nearby islands: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 542-F, p. F1-F41.
P 542-G Report Map
Plafker, George, Kachadoorian, Reuben, Eckel, E.B., and Mayo, L.R., 1969, Effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964 on various communities: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 542-G, p. G1-G50, 2 sheets, scale 1:250,000.
P 1707 Report
Atwater, B.F., Satoko, Musumi-Rokkaku, Kenji, Satake, Yoshinobu, Tsuji, Kazue, Ueda, and Yamaguchi, D.K., 2005, The orphan tsunami of 1700: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1707, 144 p.
PDF 85-29 Report
Combellick, R.A., 1985, Geologic-hazards mitigation in Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Public Data File 85-29, 103 p. doi:10.14509/1122
PDF 93-81 Report
Combellick, R.A., 1993, Geologic hazards in and near proposed state of Alaska oil and gas lease sale 79 (Cape Yakataga): Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Public Data File 93-81, 11 p. doi:10.14509/1620
PDF 95-36 Report
Combellick, R.A., Reger, R.D., and Nye, C.J., 1995, Geologic hazards in and near proposed state of Alaska oil and gas lease sale 85A (Cook Inlet): Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Public Data File 95-36, 12 p. doi:10.14509/1719
RI 83-11 Report
Davies, J.N., 1983, Seismic, volcanic, and tsunami mitigation in Alaska: an unmet need: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 83-11, 13 p. doi:10.14509/2350
RI 83-17 Report
Combellick, R.A., and Long, W.E., 1983, Geologic hazards in southeastern Alaska: an overview: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 83-17, 17 p. doi:10.14509/2356
RI 94-29 Report
Combellick, R.A., 1994, Geologic hazards in the Yakataga planning area, southeastern Alaska: an overview: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 94-29, 9 p. doi:10.14509/2512
RI 2002-1 Report Map Geospatial Data
Suleimani, E.N., Hansen, R.A., Combellick, R.A., and Carver, G.A., 2002, Tsunami hazard maps of the Kodiak area, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 2002-1, 16 p., 4 sheets, scale 1:12,500. doi:10.14509/2860
RI 2005-2 Report Map Geospatial Data
Suleimani, E.N., Combellick, R.A., Marriott, D., Hansen, R.A., Venturato, A.J., and Newman, J.C., 2005, Tsunami hazard maps of the Homer and Seldovia areas, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 2005-2, 28 p., 2 sheets, scale 1:12,500. doi:10.14509/14474
RI 2010-1 Report Map Geospatial Data
Suleimani, E.N., Nicolsky, D.J., West, D.A., Combellick, R.A., and Hansen, R.A., 2010, Tsunami inundation maps of Seward and northern Resurrection Bay, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 2010-1, 47 p., 3 sheets, scale 1:12,500. doi:10.14509/21001
RI 2011-7 Report Geospatial Data
Nicolsky, D.J., Suleimani, E.N., Combellick, R.A., and Hansen, R.A., 2011, Tsunami inundation maps of Whittier and western Passage Canal, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 2011-7, 65 p. doi:10.14509/23244
RI 2013-1 Report Map Geospatial Data
Nicolsky, D.J., Suleimani, E.N., Haeussler, P.J., Ryan, H.F., Koehler, R.D., Combellick, R.A., and Hansen, R.A., 2013, Tsunami inundation maps of Port Valdez, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 2013-1, 77 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:12,500. doi:10.14509/25055
RI 2013-3 Report Map Geospatial Data
Suleimani, E.N., Nicolsky, D.J., and Koehler, R.D., 2013, Tsunami inundation maps of Sitka, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 2013-3, 76 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000. doi:10.14509/26671
RI 2014-1 Report
Nicolsky, D.J., Suleimani, E.N., and Koehler, R.D., 2014, Tsunami inundation maps of Cordova and Tatitlek, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 2014-1, 49 p. doi:10.14509/27241
SIR 2007-5094 Report Map Outside Link
Coombs, M.L., McGimsey, R.G., and Browne, B.L., 2007, Preliminary volcano-hazard assessment for the Tanaga volcanic cluster, Tanaga Island, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5094, 37 p., 1 sheet.
SR 35 Report
Combellick, R.A., 1985, Geologic-hazards mitigation in Alaska: a review of federal, state, and local policies: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Special Report 35, 71 p. doi:10.14509/2634