Volcano Hazards

Alaska contains over 130 volcanoes and volcanic fields which have been active within the last two million years. Of these volcanoes, about 90 have been active within the last 10,000 years (and might be expected to erupt again), and more than 50 have been active within historical time (since about 1760, for Alaska). Volcanoes produce a wide variety of natural hazards. Some, such as ash clouds and pyroclastic flows, occur as eruption processes. While others, such as water contamination and lahars (mudflows) can occur even when a volcano is quiescent.

Below is a list of publications related to Volcano Hazards. Select a publication number to access more detailed information and their respective files available for download.

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B 1996 Report Map
Till, A.B., Yount, M.E., and Riehle, J.R., 1993, Redoubt Volcano, Southern Alaska; a hazard assessment based on eruptive activity through 1968: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1996, 19 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:125,000.
OF 95-83 Report
McGimsey, R.G., Neal, C.A., and Doukas, M.P., 1995, Volcanic activity in Alaska; summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory, 1992: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-83, 26 p.
OF 96-24 Report Outside Link
Neal, C.A., McGimsey, R.G., and Doukas, M.P., 1996, Volcanic activity in Alaska; summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-24, 21 p.
OF 97-433 Report Outside Link
Neal, C.A., and McGimsey, R.G., 1997, Volcanic activity in Alaska and Kamchatka; summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory 1996: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-433, 34 p.
OF 99-373 Report Outside Link
Waythomas, C.F., and Miller, T.P., 1999, Preliminary volcano-hazard assessment for Iliamna Volcano, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-373, 31 p.
OF 99-448 Report Outside Link
McGimsey, R.G., and Wallace, K.L., 1999, 1997 volcanic activity in Alaska and Kamchatka; summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-448, 42 p.
OF 2000-489 Report Outside Link
Fierstein, Judy, and Hildreth, Wes, 2000, Preliminary volcano-hazard assessment for the Katmai volcanic cluster, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2000-489, 50 p.
OF 2000-519 Report Outside Link
Neal, C.A., McGimsey, R.G., Miller, T.P., Riehle, J.R., and Waythomas, C.F., 2000, Preliminary volcano-hazard assessment for Aniakchak Volcano, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2000-519, 42 p.
OF 2001-482 Report Outside Link
Waythomas, C.F., and Nye, C.J., 2001, Preliminary volcano-hazard assessment for Mount Spurr Volcano, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2001-482, 40 p.
OF 2002-72 Report Outside Link
Waythomas, C.F., and Miller, T.P., 2002, Preliminary volcano-hazard assessment for Hayes Volcano, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2002-72, 27 p.
OF 2002-397 Report Outside Link
Waythomas, C.F., Miller, T.P., and Nye, C.J., 2002, Preliminary volcano-hazard assessment for Kanaga Volcano, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2002-397, 27 p.
OF 2003-423 Report Outside Link
McGimsey, R.G., Neal, C.A., and Girina, Olga, 2003, 1998 volcanic activity in Alaska and Kamchatka; summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2003-423, 35 p.
RI 2000-4 Report Map
Beget, J.E., Nye, C.J., and Bean, K.W., 2000, Preliminary volcano-hazard assessment for Makushin Volcano, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 2000-4, 22 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:100,000.
RI 2002-4 Report Map
Beget, J.E., Nye, C.J., Schaefer, J.R., and Stelling, P.L., 2003, Preliminary volcano-hazard assessment for Shishaldin Volcano, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 2002-4, 28 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:500,000.
SIR 2010-5242 Report Outside Link
McGimsey, R.G., Neal, C.A., Dixon, J.P., Malik, Nataliya, and Chibisova, Marina, 2011, 2007 volcanic activity in Alaska, Kamchatka, and the Kurile Islands: summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010-5242, 1 p.
SIR 2010-5243 Report Outside Link
Neal, C.A., McGimsey, R.G., Dixon, J.P., Cameron, C.E., Nuzhdaev, A.A., and Chibisova, Marina, 2011, 2008 volcanic activity in Alaska, Kamchatka, and the Kurile Islands: summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010-5243, 1 p.